Speed is easily explained as stride frequency x stride length. Now I know you may have heard of this before but our view on this maybe completely different from what you heard. Nevertheless it is important for you to embrace the understanding of the mechanics of your body because having a completely balanced body, having flawless technique, and of course being powerful will all increase your speed.
In addition, we have different phases of actual running which include acceleration and top end speed. However in our view we can break these up as sub categories as acceleration relates to stride frequency and top end relates to stride length.
Let’s take a look into each outline to wrap your heads around both…
- The number of steps taken over a given distance
- Primary Muscle – Iliopsoas (hip flexors)
- This is the phase in the running cycle where your knee raises and is extended in front as quickly as possible to eventually turn over.
- We can improve this phase by increasing the amount of motor units recruited in this primary mover (neural adaptation) as well as how quickly we can activate these motor units (rate coding)
- The distance the body travels in one stride
- Primary Muscles – Glutes and Hamstrings
- This is the phase of the running cycle when your foot strikes the ground and your body is propelled forward as your leg becomes extended
- This can be improved by the amount of force we can produce from the primary muscles. Think of this movement as the main motor of your cycle, this is where you produce the horse power to really explode out of each and every stride.